Globally Important Agricultural Heritage Systems (GIAHS)
A. Case Study Overview
- 1. Activity/ Project Title:
- Globally Important Agricultural Heritage Systems (GIAHS)
- 2. Themes:
- 3. Summary:
To designate GIAHS based on a distinctive feature as follows :Over the years, through overcoming climate and geographical constraints with wisdom and ingenuity, adapting to the environment and harmonizing with the ecosystems, not overly dependent on pesticides and fertilizers, and combining various crops, a variety of agricultural cultivated species that suppresses yield fluctuations, are achieved, and makes good use of interactions between crops. Splendid landscapes formed by working on nature for many years, and cultures are established, and organizational activities to pass on such knowledge and wisdom also occur.
- 4. Sector:
- Organization ： NGO , City , Others：Prefectures
- 5. Implementation Period:
- 6. Project Site :
- 7. Stakeholders＆Partners:
- UNU, Municipal Offices
- 8. Objectives:
- Dynamic Conservation: preserves and continues to the next generation, maintains heritage values, adapts to the surrounding environment, and promotes economic and social development.
- 9. /Activities:
- GIAHS designation process: Application from each country → GIAHS Secretariat examination → Evaluation examination by the Scientific Advisory Committee including field survey
- Conducting various workshops to spread GIAHS and build capacity in member countries
- For promoting particularly in developing countries, Japan invites people in charge from developing countries and persons in charge to visit Japan’s GIAHS sites and exchange opinions.
D. Challenges and solutions:
- 10. Challenges and solutions:
- To improve the understanding of GIAHS, building and disseminating capacities to prepare applications for GIAHS designation must be done. A guidebook that makes it easier to understand how to apply to GIAHS would also be helpful.
- Since there are few sites in developing, establishment of guidelines for how to proceed with domestic discussions and examination system methods for such countries would be crucial.
- Because of Dynamic Conservation, designation is not the end. Establishing guidelines such as grasping the current situation after certification and conducting evaluations would be necessary.
E. Outcomes and Impacts:
- 11. Outcomes＆Impacts:
- Since 2005, 62 sites have been designated in 22 countries. In Japan, there are 11 sites since 2011.
- Leveraged global and national recognition of the importance of agricultural heritage systems and institutional support for their safeguard.
- Established capacity building of local farming communities and local and national institutions to conserve and manage GIAHS, generate income and add economic value to goods and services of such systems in a sustainable fashion.
- Promoted enabling regulatory policies and incentive environments to support the conservation, evolutionary adaptation and viability of GIAHS.
- 12. Budget:
- 13. Source: